Different Types of Fractures – What You Must Know
Fractures are known to be one of the most commonly reported injuries across the globe. A fracture could be seen whenever a trauma occurs and its degree of impact decides how severe the fracture will be. Not only trauma like motor vehicle accidents & falling from a height, but fractures could also occur due to certain bone-related conditions like osteoporosis & osteogenesis. These conditions are more common in elderly people as with age, the bone starts degrading while making the person more prone to fracture.
Fractures are of different types and this depends upon the cause of the condition. In this post, we are going to discuss some of the most common types of fractures that are seen. But before we move ahead, let us have a brief look at what a fracture is.
What is a Fracture?
‘Fracture’ is a common term derived for a bone break that occurs in any part of the body. A human body comprises 206 bones and any of them could get broken due to trauma or bone-weakening conditions like osteoporosis. Different types of conditions could be seen in the case of fracture and each one is classified differently. Let us now see different types of fractures that could be seen.
Different Types of Fractures
When the bone break occurs inside the skin without any exposure to the external environment, the condition is known as closed fracture. These types of fractures are generally considered non-serious, but proper treatment is required to avoid worsening the condition. If timely treatment is not provided, a fracture blister can occur.
An open fracture is a serious condition and it results due to high-energy trauma like an automobile accident or car blast. In this case, the broken bone penetrates the skin while badly damaging the surrounding tissues. Open fracture poses a very high risk for bacterial infection and to minimize the chances, emergency treatment must be provided.
The treatment of open fractures often requires surgery and involves the use of Orthopedic Implants and Surgical Instruments.
A displaced fracture is a condition where broken bone fragments move out of their place. In such cases, the two or more pieces of the broken bone do not line-up straight in their true anatomical position. A displaced fracture is further divided into subcategories including:
Pathologic Fracture – This is the situation that does not occur due to any traumatic injury rather, it is caused due to a disease that weakens the bone of the patient. A weak bone is likely to get fractured easily than a healthy one.
Comminuted Fracture – This is a more serious fracture condition where the bone gets broken into three or more pieces.
Greenstick Fracture – This kind of fracture is generally seen in children. In such a case, the bone does not get completely broken into two pieces rather, it bends after the break.
Stress Fracture – Stress fracture is where the bone breaks slightly due to its overuse. This fracture is more common in athletes and one of its good examples could be a hairline fracture.
Transverse Fracture – This is the condition where the bone break occurs horizontally on the shaft of the long bone.
A non-displaced fracture is a situation where the fractured bone fragments do not leave their place once broken. In this case, broken bone pieces stay aligned hence, this condition could be fixed without any surgical procedure.
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